They are deciduous or semi-evergreen trees growing to 25 m tall. The leaves are spirally arranged, pinnate, rarely bipinnate or simple. The fruit is a drupe similar to a small mango (in the related genus Mangifera), 4–10 cm long, ripening yellow or orange. It has a single seed.
About 10 species of Spondias bear edible fruits and have been domesticated for fruit production. These fruits are also consumed by herbivorous mammals such as deer. In the Western Ghats of Karnataka Flower buds and tender spondias are used in pickle preparation.
A theory regarding the name of the city of Bangkok, Thailand is that the name is derived from makok (มะกอก), the Thai name for the fruit of Spondias dulcis. Spondias pinnata is called Pulicha kaai in the Tamil language, which means "sour fruit." It is also called as "Amate Kaai" in [Kannada language] Ambade in Tulu and Konkani. In Sri Lanka its called as 'Amberella'.
The Malesian species of Spondias were revised by Ding Hou in 1978. The most recently recognized species, Spondias testudinis, was described in 1998.
- Spondias cytherea Sonn.
- Spondias dulcis – Tahitian Apple, Pommecythere (Trinidad & Tobago)Cây cóc Miền nam
- Spondias haplophylla
- Spondias indica
- Spondias lakonensis
- Spondias mombin – Yellow Mombin, Gully Plum, Ashanti Plum, "Java plum"Cóc Thái
- Spondias pinnata-Cóc chua Ấn Độ hay Cóc rừng
- Spondias purpurea L. – Jocote, Purple Mombin, Red Mombin, Ciruela, Siniguela, Sirigwela
- Spondias radlkoferi
- Spondias tuberosa – Umbú, Imbu, Brazil Plum
- Spondias venulosa