Thứ Hai, 29 tháng 2, 2016

List of chicken breeds

There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence.[1] Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring.[2]
The physical traits used to distinguish chicken breeds are size, plumage color, comb type, skin color, number of toes, amount of feathering, egg color, and place of origin.[1] They are also roughly divided by primary use, whether for eggs, meat, or ornamental purposes, and with some considered to be dual-purpose.[1]
In the 21st century, chickens are frequently bred according to predetermined breed standards set down by governing organizations. The first of such standards was the British Poultry Standard, which is still in publication today.[3][4] Other standards include the Standard of Perfection, the Australian Poultry Standard, and the standard of the American Bantam Association, which deals exclusively with bantamfowl.[4] Only some of the known breeds are included in these publications, and only those breeds are eligible to be shown competitively. There are additionally a few hybrid strains which are common in the poultry world, especially in large poultry farms. These types are first generation crosses of true breeds. Hybrids do not reliably pass on their features to their offspring, but are highly valued for their producing abilities.[1]

Table of contents
By place of originAfghanistan • Albania • Australia • Austria • Belgium • Bulgaria • Canada •Chile • China • Croatia • Cuba • Czech Republic • Egypt • Finland • France • Germany • Greece• Iceland • India • Indonesia • Iran • Italy • Japan • Korea • Kosovo • Malaysia • Myanmar •Netherlands • Norway • Pakistan • Philippines • Poland • Portugal • Romania • Russia • Serbia •Slovakia • South Africa • Spain • Sweden • Switzerland • Thailand • Turkey • Ukraine • United Kingdom • United States • Vietnam
By primary useEggs • Meat • Dual-purpose • Exhibition
OtherBantams • Hybrids
See also   •    Footnotes   •    References

By place of origin

Afghanistan

Albania

Australia

The Australorp, an Australian breed

Austria

Belgium

The d'Everberg, a Belgian ornamental bantam

Bulgaria

Black Shumen cock

Canada

Chile

China

A Silkie hen

Croatia

Cuba

Cubalaya cock

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Egypt

Finland

France

Germany

The oldest German breed, theBergische Kräher (Historical illustration by Jean Bungartz, 1885)
The longtailed Phoenix, a German breed derived from the Japanese Onagadori
The auto-sexing Bielefelder, created in the 70s

Large breeds

Bantams

Greece

Iceland

India

The Aseel, a fighting breed

Indonesia

Sumatra cock
  • Kedu (nationally standardized)
  • Pelung (long-crower, locally standardized)

Iran

The Orloff, an Iranian breed

Italy

Leghorn hen

Japan

Korea

Kosovo

Malaysia

Marianas

Myanmar

Netherlands

The Barnevelder

Norway

Pakistan

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Naked-neck

Russia

Serbia

Slovakia

South Africa

Spain

A Minorca rooster

Sweden

Switzerland

The Appenzeller, a rare Swiss crested breed

Thailand

Turkey

The Sultan, a Turkish breed

Ukraine

United Kingdom

A Buff Orpington cock

United States of America

Vietnam